Thursday, June 14, 2012


The five main methods of waste management are source reduction, recycling, composting, waste-to-energy, and landfill. All these methods no longer can be a single method of waste disposal but rather there need to be a co-disposal program. Asian countries can no longer practice “open burning” method and landfill dumping which had to abide to strict regulations. There are numerous attempts and efforts to try and change “waste” into another by-product. One of the measures is to recycle the used product to another reusable product.

Biomass is any sort of vegetation-trees, grasses, plants parts such as leaves, stems and twigs, and ocean plants. From it, we can extract a wealth of stored energy. Biomass is available from various industries—including agriculture, forest products, transportation, and construction—that dispose of large quantities of wood and plant products. Whether cultivated or growing wild, biomass represents a huge renewable energy source.

Renewable energy is any energy source that can be either replenished continuously or within a moderate timeframe. Renewable power sources include solar power, biomass power, wind power, hydropower, and geothermal power.

Biomass power is the use of biomass feedstocks instead of the usual fossil fuels (natural gas or coal) to produce electricity. If biomass is cultivated and harvested properly, it is a renewable resource that can be used to generate power on demand, with no net additional contribution to global air emissions.

During photosynthesis, plants combine carbon dioxide from the air and water from the ground to form carbohydrates, which form the building blocks of biomass. The solar energy that drives photosynthesis is stored in the chemical bonds of the structural components of biomass. If we burn biomass efficiently (which extracts the energy stored in the chemical bonds), then oxygen from the atmosphere combines with the carbon in plants to produce carbon dioxide and water.

If we took all the biomass available today, the energy content in that fuel would produce an estimated 2,740 Quads, with just 1 Quad equal to 1,000,000,000,000,000 Btus.

It can produce electricity, liquid fuels, gaseous fuels, and a variety of useful chemicals, including those currently manufactured from petroleum. Because the energy in biomass is less concentrated than the energy in fossil fuels, our new technology can make this energy resource competitive with coal, oil, and natural gas. Industry and agriculture need superior energy crops and cost-effective conversion technologies to expand the use of renewable biomass.

At present, the world population uses only about 7% of the annual production of biomass. There is an abundance of biomass that we can tap.

While the actual ratio of components varies among species, biomass averages 75%
carbohydrates or sugars and 25% lignin.

Worldwide, biomass is the fourth largest energy resource after coal, oil, and natural gas. It is used for heating (such as wood stoves in homes and for process heat in bio-processing industries), cooking (especially in many parts of the developing world), transportation (fuels such as ethanol) and, increasingly, for electric power production. There are estimates of about 35,000 MW of installed capacity using biomass worldwide, with about 7,000 of that in the United States. Most of this capacity is in the pulp and paper industry in combined heat and power systems.
In its mixed waste form, MSW typically contains materials not suitable for use at Bio-Power facilities. Although a large fraction of the mass of municipal solid waste originates from plant matter the mixture with other urban wastes precludes its use in Bio-Power facilities. Materials recovery facilities that keep clean biomass materials (e.g. wood pallets, wood shavings and tree trimmings) segregated from other wastes are a potential source of biomass fuels. Biomass, when used in modern power systems, produces fewer emissions than conventional solid fuels used in power plants.

Biomass is one of the oldest fuels known to humanity. Although basic, the primitive campfire illustrates the nature of using biomass for power. When the biomass is burned, it produces heat. In a power plant, this heat is used to turn water into steam. The steam is then used to turn turbines, which are connected to electric generators. Gasifiers heat the biomass to convert it into a gas that can be used in high efficient power systems, such as combustion turbines or fuel cells.

Energy crops are crops that are grown for the specific purpose of producing energy (electricity or liquid fuels) from all or part of the resulting plant. Switch grass, alfalfa, willow, poplar and eucalyptus are examples of plants that can be grown as energy crops.

Right now, wood is most widely used because wood-fired power systems have been in use for a long time and are well understood. In addition, there is an abundance of wood residue available for use in power systems from bio-processing industries such as the wood products industry. However, the development of gasifiers may make many other biomass fuels usable for producing electricity.

Virtually every part of the world has a biomass resource that can be tapped to create power.

Biomass gasifiers are reactors that heat biomass in a low-oxygen environment to produce a fuel gas that contains from one fifth to one half (depending on the process conditions) the heat content of natural gas. For biomass, this process takes place at about 850 degrees C.


 Benefits of R-02 Thermal Drying & Torrefaction Technology  System over other drying technologies:-

Optimized drying of eg bulk material, food, sludge, waste, paper, etc.
Reduction of energy, dwell time and construction volume (invest costs) in production   processes is required with conventional hot air drying.
Efficient reduced oxygen drying in a super-heated steam atmosphere at ambient pressure

Benefits for our customers
            50% less energy consumption comparing to hot air drying
            up to 90% of the energy is recyclable
            Reduced dwell time for drying (up to 80% less)
            Smaller plants / Less investment
            Recover of the moisture as condensate at 85ºC
            Operation at ambient pressure (no sluices or valves needed)
Closed loop process through internal recirculation of the steam
Conditioning of the product
No oxidation of the product material
Sterilization of the product
Lower risk of ignition and explosion (no oxygen)
No health risk or odor problem by emissions
Recycle of volatile (eg organic) components (VOC)
Recycle of the moisture as condensate (de mineralized water at 85ºC) as process water and heat energy
Operation at ambient pressure :
§  No sluices or valves needed
§  Continuous charging possible


Malaysia is facing big challenges in was management due to the fact that waste generation rates increases and landfill capacities are nearly used up.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is not easy to treat as it contains high content of moisture due to heavy rainfalls (more than 3,000 mm per year) , high air humidity ( above 80%)  and high content of organic material ( more than 50%).

The current practice by disposing of all generated MSW in landfills seems to be impossible because of lacking affordable land and no product value.  The other good alternative is to convert into organic compost fertilizer. However, this will take much time and land space to produce.

The ideal solution is by applying highly efficient & fast drying MSW treatment.

The key to implement this is to have a good drying system to get rid of the high moisture content in the waste to become a good fuel product. The high moisture will add a lot of energy to produce the right product heat value. So any good and more efficient drying system must be in place.

That is where we proposed Drying and Torrefaction using the latest technology of RO2 Thermal Drying * Torrefication System.

The Machine & System Solution to Waste Problem
n  R-O2 torrefaction technology is a patented method that uses dry Super Heat Steam (SHS) as the heating medium, to perform the drying and torrefaction processing
n  The dry SHS medium is uniquely created from water fraction contained in the wet feedstock and is at atmospheric pressure
n  The R-O2 system operates on patented recirculation principles, and uses proprietary thermal recuperative, an off-gas processing system and a patented seal assembly at the input and exit points

Drying Phase :-
n  The patented drying technology operates by creating Super Heat Steam (SHS) for its drying medium.  This SHS is generated solely from the moisture contained within the biomass feedstock being dried
n  The creation of  SHS displaces air/oxygen from the process and creates the inert “airless” or “reduced oxygen” atmosphere for high temperature drying 150ºC

Torrefied Phase :-
n  Directly from the drying process, the waste is transferred into a continuous rotary torrefaction processor via airtight sealed conveyors
n  A mild thermal pyrolysis in a SHS atmosphere (240  - 280°C) converts the waste into BioFuel
n  The BioFuel is then “cooled” to below 130°C for discharge
n  BioFuel is ready for grinding, pulverising or densification

Thermal Recuperation and Off-gas :-
n  The off-gas from the torrefaction process is sent to a thermal oxidisation system for destruction and cleaning before being exhausted to atmosphere free from VOCs
n  The oxidiser operates at around 750 – 800°C and the torrefaction gases are exposed to this heat source for a minimum of one second to effect complete destruction of the VOCs and other organic chemicals.
n  The heat recovered from the thermal oxidation of VOC’s is used as an additional thermal source in the drying process, thus reducing fuel (natural gas/oil) required to indirectly heat the re-circulating drying and torrefaction gases



Today, Governments and legislatures of countries all over the world and people in general are conscientiously trying their very best to protect the environment. Even to dispose waste matter is of paramount seriousness, because of environmental pollution impacts to air, water and land. 


We hereby do, undertake with full legal corporate responsibility in introducing a system and machine that can commercially viable in processing the said waste material to become a valuable product within an hour process.

We can help to solve the problem in within an hour process to turn the waste to useful product. We also can customize to any quantity feeding according to the needs. We can design the output of the machine per hour basis from 1 ton to 10 ton per hour processed.

We look forward to attend any meeting with your esteem organization and hope to conduct a comprehensive presentation. We express our appreciation on your support and look forward to your evaluation on our finding.

Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Types Of Product

Two Types of Product That We Offer

      (Extended process from Biomass/Pellet/Nugget with new     TECHNOLOGY PROCESS)

    (Normal Process


Our Product

We offer Torrefied BioCoal Pellet & Nugget which is consist of wood, leaf, roots, waste and any other that has all the positive qualities required to finally help solve our energy and pollution problems.

Torrefied Biocoal is a clean burning product that was once wood, but processed in a unique way that removes virtually all the water and polluting volatiles organic compounds before combustion.

Raw Material Input 

Can be derived  from any type of  Biomass residual 
        * Reforest Program (replanting program) 
        * Forest/Plantation residual
        * Organic material

Torrefied Biocoal Characteristics

  •  Has heating value close to steam coal with LHV 20 to 22 MJ/kg
  •  Is CARBON NEUTRAL as it has no net release of CO2.
  • Is consistent, homogenous different types of feedstock have similar physical and chemical properties after torrefaction, which is  important for process optimization and control 
  • Can be pelletised / densified at costs much lower than even saw-dust for distant shipments
 Is densifiable to sub-bituminous coal level (16-17 GJ/m3) - higher than biopellets (~10 GJ/m3)